Every electronic device requires the basic building blocks – transistors. Researchers at RMIT University led by Ph.D. candidate Ms. Shruti Nirantar created an alternative type of transistor which may lead to the new generation of super-powerful electronics.
Nowadays, the progress of transistor technology is slowing down despite so-called Moore’s Law which suggests that the number of transistors on a single chip doubles every two years. This happens because for engineers it’s becoming more and more difficult to miniaturize transistor parts that are already smaller than tiniest bacterias. Current silicon-based nanodevices are densely packed with atoms hence they waste lots of energy being heated by the constant collision of electrons.
Shruti Nirantar and his team found a solution to this problem. They designed some sort of air channels – a gap between two metal points of a transistor with the size of just a few nanometers. This nanoscale gap imitates vacuum for electrons so that they can move more freely without excess draining of energy. As Shruti said, this method can revive Moore’s Law forecasts for the next several decades.
Where is the money?
As it was pointed out, transistors are very crucial for all electronics. At the moment, all the computers, phones and other electronic devices use up to billions of transistor parts implemented in small computer chips. The thing is, since all these transistors are made from silicon-based technology, they become a bit outdated and ineffective when the market demands faster and more powerful technologies. However, this new innovation could improve the situation as it allows saving energy and also could enhance computer chips’ operability. If it eventually works and gets to the mass production, such transistors made by RMIT’s engineers will be extremely competitive in the consumer electronics market which is highly prolific today, having received huge investments estimating about $361 billion worth by 2018.
The techers: Shruti Nirantar